Rapid analysis of diclofenac and some of its transformation products in the three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus, by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Abstract : Pharmaceuticals are emerging organic contaminants ubiquitously present in the environment due to incessant input into the aquatic compartment mainly resulting from incomplete removal in wastewater treatment plants. One of the major preoccupations concerning pharmaceuticals released into surface waters is their potential for bioaccumulation in biota, possibly leading to deleterious effects on ecosystems especially as they could affect a broad variety of organisms living in or depending on the aquatic environment. Thus, the development of accurate and sensitive methods is necessary to detect these compounds in aquatic ecosystems. Considering this need, this study deals with the analytical development of a methodology to quantify traces of diclofenac together with some of its biotic and abiotic transformation products in whole-body tissue of three-spined stickleback. A simple and reliable extraction method based on a modified QuEChERS extraction is implemented on 200 mg of fish. The detection and quantification of the ten target compounds are performed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The whole process was successfully validated regarding linearity, recovery, repeatability, and reproducibility. The method limits of detection and quantification do not exceed 1 ng/g. To reproduce environmental conditions, we measured the concentration of DCF and its transformation products in three-spined sticklebacks after a 6-month exposure in mesocosms at several levels of DCF ranging from 0.05 to 4.1 mu g/L. The phase I metabolite 4'-hydroxydiclofenac was detected in fish samples exposed at the highest DCF concentration.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 25, 2016 - 4:24:54 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 29, 2018 - 1:18:52 PM

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Gaëlle Daniele, Maéva Fieu, Sandrine Joachim, Anne Bado-Nilles, Patrick Baudoin, et al.. Rapid analysis of diclofenac and some of its transformation products in the three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus, by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, Springer Verlag, 2016, 408 (16), pp.4435-4444. ⟨10.1007/s00216-016-9541-9⟩. ⟨hal-01356411⟩

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