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Modeling infection transmission in primate networks to predict centrality-based risk

Abstract : Social structure can theoretically regulate disease risk by mediating exposure to pathogens via social proximity and contact. Investigating the role of central individuals within a network may help predict infectious agent transmission as well as implement disease control strategies, but little is known about such dynamics in real primate networks. We combined social network analysis and a modeling approach to better understand transmission of a theoretical infectious agent in wild Japanese macaques, highly social animals which form extended but highly differentiated social networks. We collected focal data from adult females living on the islands of Koshima and Yakushima, Japan. Individual identities as well as grooming networks were included in a Markov graph-based simulation. In this model, the probability that an individual will transmit an infectious agent depends on the strength of its relationships with other group members. Similarly, its probability of being infected depends on its relationships with already infected group members. We correlated: (i) the percentage of subjects infected during a latency-constrained epidemic; (ii) the mean latency to complete transmission; (iii) the probability that an individual is infected first among all group members; and (iv) each individual's mean rank in the chain of transmission with different individual network centralities (eigenvector, strength, betweenness). Our results support the hypothesis that more central individuals transmit infections in a shorter amount of time and to more subjects but also become infected more quickly than less central individuals. However, we also observed that the spread of infectious agents on the Yakushima network did not always differ from expectations of spread on random networks. Generalizations about the importance of observed social networks in pathogen flow should thus be made with caution, since individual characteristics in some real world networks appear less relevant than they are in others in predicting disease spread
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Contributor : Brigitte Gaillard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, August 25, 2016 - 1:48:16 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 11, 2022 - 5:56:29 PM

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Valéria Romano, Julie Duboscq, Cécile Sarabian, Elodie Thomas, Cédric Sueur, et al.. Modeling infection transmission in primate networks to predict centrality-based risk. American Journal of Primatology, Wiley, 2016, 78 (7), pp.767-779. ⟨10.1002/ajp.22542⟩. ⟨hal-01356289⟩



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