Saying is not modelling

Abstract : In this article we claim that the conceptual modelling built from text is rarely an ontology. Such a conceptualization is corpus-dependent and does not offer the main properties we expect from ontology, e.g. reusability and soundness. Furthermore, ontology extracted from text in general does not match ontology defined by expert using a formal language. Such a result is not surprising since ontology is an extra-linguistic conceptualization whereas knowledge extracted from text is the concern of textual linguistics. Incompleteness of text and using rhetorical figures, like synecdoche, deeply modify the perception of the conceptualization we may have. It means that ontological knowledge, which is necessary for text understanding, is not in general embedded into documents. The article will end on some remarks about formal languages. If they allow to define " a specification of a conceptualization " they nevertheless raise their own issues mainly due to their epistemological neutrality. Ontology design remains an epistemological issue.
Type de document :
Communication dans un congrès
4th International Workshop on Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science (NLPCS 2007) , Jun 2007, Funchal, Portugal. Proceedings of NLPCS 2007, Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science, pp.47-56, 2007, Proceedings of NLPCS 2007, Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [21 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01354912
Contributeur : Christophe Roche <>
Soumis le : samedi 20 août 2016 - 11:01:35
Dernière modification le : samedi 28 juillet 2018 - 11:06:02
Document(s) archivé(s) le : lundi 21 novembre 2016 - 10:06:28

Fichier

NLPCS_1021_Roche.pdf
Fichiers produits par l'(les) auteur(s)

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : hal-01354912, version 1

Collections

Citation

Christophe Roche. Saying is not modelling. 4th International Workshop on Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science (NLPCS 2007) , Jun 2007, Funchal, Portugal. Proceedings of NLPCS 2007, Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science, pp.47-56, 2007, Proceedings of NLPCS 2007, Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science. 〈hal-01354912〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

66

Téléchargements de fichiers

67