All-Dielectric Silicon Nanogap Antennas To Enhance the Fluorescence of Single Molecules

Abstract : Plasmonic antennas have a profound impact on nanophotonics as they provide efficient means to manipulate light and enhance light–matter interactions at the nanoscale. However, the large absorption losses found in metals can severely limit the plasmonic applications in the visible spectral range. Here, we demonstrate the effectiveness of an alternative approach using all-dielectric nanoantennas based on silicon dimers to enhance the fluorescence detection of single molecules. The silicon antenna design is optimized to confine the near-field intensity in the 20 nm nanogap and reach a 270-fold fluorescence enhancement in a nanoscale volume of λ3/1800 with dielectric materials only. Our conclusions are assessed by combining polarization resolved optical spectroscopy of individual antennas, scanning electron microscopy, numerical simulations, fluorescence lifetime measurements, fluorescence burst analysis, and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy. This work demonstrates that all-silicon nanoantennas are a valid alternative to plasmonic devices for enhanced single molecule fluorescence sensing, with the additional key advantages of reduced nonradiative quenching, negligible heat generation, cost-efficiency, and complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) compatibility.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 19, 2016 - 9:45:15 AM
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Raju Regmi, Johann Berthelot, Pamina M. Winkler, Mathieu Mivelle, Julien Proust, et al.. All-Dielectric Silicon Nanogap Antennas To Enhance the Fluorescence of Single Molecules. Nano Letters, American Chemical Society, 2016, 16 (8), pp.5143-5151. ⟨10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b02076⟩. ⟨hal-01354616⟩



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