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Time-frequency optimization for discrimination between imagination of right and left hand movements based on two bipolar electroencephalography channels

Abstract : To enforce a widespread use of efficient and easy to use brain-computer interfaces (BCIs), the inter-subject robustness should be increased and the number of electrodes should be reduced. These two key issues are addressed in this contribution, proposing a novel method to identify subject-specific time-frequency characteristics with a minimal number of electrodes. In this method, two alternative criteria, time-frequency discrimination factor (TFDF) and F score, are proposed to evaluate the discriminative power of time-frequency regions. Distinct from classical measures (e.g., Fisher criterion, r 2 coefficient), the TFDF is based on the neurophysiologic phenomena, on which the motor imagery BCI paradigm relies, rather than only from statistics. F score is based on the popular Fisher's discriminant and purely data driven; however, it differs from traditional measures since it provides a simple and effective measure for quantifying the discriminative power of a multi-dimensional feature vector. The proposed method is tested on BCI competition IV datasets IIa and IIb for discriminating right and left hand motor imagery. Compared to state-of-the-art methods, our method based on both criteria led to comparable or even better classification results, while using fewer electrodes (i.e., only two bipolar channels, C3 and C4). This work indicates that time-frequency optimization can not only improve the classification performance but also contribute to reducing the number of electrodes required in motor imagery BCIs.
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Yuan Yang, Sylvain Chevallier, Joe Wiart, Isabelle Bloch. Time-frequency optimization for discrimination between imagination of right and left hand movements based on two bipolar electroencephalography channels. EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, SpringerOpen, 2014, 2014 (1), pp.38. ⟨10.1186/1687-6180-2014-38⟩. ⟨hal-01351618⟩

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