Facile and selective covalent grafting of an RGD-peptide to electrospun scaffolds improves HUVEC adhesion

Abstract : The development of a biomimetic surface able to promote endothelialization is fundamental in the search for blood vessel substitutes that prevent the formation of thrombi or hyperplasia. This study aims at investigating the effect of functionalization of poly-ε-caprolactone or poly(L-lactic acid-co-ɛ-caprolactone) electrospun scaffolds with a photoreactive adhesive peptide. The designed peptide sequence contains four Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-Pro motifs per chain and a p-azido-Phe residue at each terminus. Different peptide densities on the scaffold surface were obtained by simply modifying the peptide concentration used in pretreatment of the scaffold before UV irradiation. Scaffolds of poly-ε-caprolactone embeddedwith adhesive peptideswere produced to assess the importance of peptide covalent grafting. Our results show that the scaffolds functionalized with photoreactive peptides enhance adhesion at 24h with a dosedependent effect and control the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells, whereas the inclusion of adhesive peptide in the electrospun matrices by embedding does not give satisfactory results.
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Monica Dettin, Annj Zamuner, Martina Roso, Giovanna Iucci, Valérie Samouillan, et al.. Facile and selective covalent grafting of an RGD-peptide to electrospun scaffolds improves HUVEC adhesion. Journal of Peptide Science, Wiley, 2015, vol. 21 (n° 10), pp. 786-795. ⟨10.1002/psc.2808⟩. ⟨hal-01345999⟩

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