Incorporating parent-of-origin effects in whole-genome prediction of complex traits

Yaodong Hu * Guilherme J. M. Rosa Daniel Gianola
* Corresponding author
Abstract : Background Parent-of-origin effects are due to differential contributions of paternal and maternal lineages to offspring phenotypes. Such effects include, for example, maternal effects in several species. However, epigenetically induced parent-of-origin effects have recently attracted attention due to their potential impact on variation of complex traits. Given that prediction of genetic merit or phenotypic performance is of interest in the study of complex traits, it is relevant to consider parent-of-origin effects in such predictions. We built a whole-genome prediction model that incorporates parent-of-origin effects by considering parental allele substitution effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms and gametic relationships derived from a pedigree (the POE model). We used this model to predict body mass index in a mouse population, a trait that is presumably affected by parent-of-origin effects, and also compared the prediction performance to that of a standard additive model that ignores parent-of-origin effects (the ADD model). We also used simulated data to assess the predictive performance of the POE model under various circumstances, in which parent-of-origin effects were generated by mimicking an imprinting mechanism.ResultsThe POE model did not predict better than the ADD model in the real data analysis, probably due to overfitting, since the POE model had far more parameters than the ADD model. However, when applied to simulated data, the POE model outperformed the ADD model when the contribution of parent-of-origin effects to phenotypic variation increased. The superiority of the POE model over the ADD model was up to 8 % on predictive correlation and 5 % on predictive mean squared error.ConclusionsThe simulation and the negative result obtained in the real data analysis indicated that, in order to gain benefit from the POE model in terms of prediction, a sizable contribution of parent-of-origin effects to variation is needed and such variation must be captured by the genetic markers fitted. Recent studies, however, suggest that most parent-of-origin effects stem from epigenetic regulation but not from a change in DNA sequence. Therefore, integrating epigenetic information with genetic markers may help to account for parent-of-origin effects in whole-genome prediction.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [126 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01341368
Contributor : Bmc Bmc <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 4, 2016 - 1:29:01 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 22, 2016 - 1:08:03 AM
Long-term archiving on : Wednesday, October 5, 2016 - 2:03:45 PM

File

12711_2016_Article_213.pdf
Publication funded by an institution

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Yaodong Hu, Guilherme J. M. Rosa, Daniel Gianola. Incorporating parent-of-origin effects in whole-genome prediction of complex traits. Genetics Selection Evolution, 2016, 48 (1), pp.34. ⟨10.1186/s12711-016-0213-1⟩. ⟨hal-01341368⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

82

Files downloads

111