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Пропаганда или тайная дипломатия? Поиск Венгрией сепаратного мира с Антантой в начале Первой мировой войны (1914—1915 г.)

Abstract : The article deals with the problem of the Hungarian scenarios of the conclusion of a separate peace, by analyzing its emergence in the first year of the Great War. The parity status of the Hungarian Kingdom within the Dual monarchy and the existence of strong independence trends in Budapest played the role of prerequisites for the idea of a separate agreement with the Entente. The presence of Russian troops on the borders of Hungary in autumn 1914 — spring 1915 catalyzed the pacifist sentiment in Budapest. According to the opinion of the Prime Minister I. Tisza, the Empire of the Habsburgs had to put pressure on Germany in order to quickly work together to end the war through compromise with the Entente. Unlike I. Tisza, the parliamentary opposition (particularly the «independence party») proposed to separate Hungary from Austria, then, the Kingdom could sign a separate peace. The main condition of the agreement with the Triple Entente for both Tisza and the opposition was preservation of the territorial integrity of Hungary. However, the Entente refused two Hungarian proposals (in January and May 1915) to discuss the conclusion of a separate peace with Budapest. Taking into account this position of the Entente and military successes of the Central powers against Russia, Serbia and Italy, the idea of a separate peace between Hungary and the Entente receded into the background in the summer of 1915.
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Contributor : Aliaksandr Piahanau Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, July 4, 2016 - 8:35:55 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, December 30, 2018 - 1:07:44 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, October 5, 2016 - 2:06:53 PM


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  • HAL Id : hal-01341073, version 1



Aliaksandr Piahanau. Пропаганда или тайная дипломатия? Поиск Венгрией сепаратного мира с Антантой в начале Первой мировой войны (1914—1915 г.). 2016. ⟨hal-01341073⟩



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