Abstract : The space of perceived colors, before acquiring an industrial interest, has received a systematic theoretical attention from philosophers, physicists and mathematicians. The research about this topic is still active nowadays. In this paper it will be presented a critical overview of a model based of differential geometry proposed by H.L. Resnikoff in 1974. It will be shown that, while some fundamental and elegant ideas behind this model can be still used as a guiding principle, some other parts of the model must be updated to comply with the modern findings about color perception.