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Novel Procedure for Assessment of Feasible Design Parameters of Dividing-Wall Columns: Application to Non-azeotropic Mixtures

Abstract : Dividing wall columns (DWCs), as a subset of fully thermally coupled distillation systems (FTCDS), is considered as one of most appealing distillation technologies to the chemical industry, because it can bring about substantial reduction in the capital investment, as well as savings in the operating costs. This study targets on how to improve the energy efficiency of DWCs by achieving their well-designed feasible parameters. Two methods are applied to study the effect of liquid and vapor split ratios including a shortcut method and a method of systematic calculations by using differential equation profiles. In the latter approach, differential composition profiles in each column section are obtained by considering feasible key design parameters. The finding of pinch points for each section profiles allowed determining the limiting values of the operating parameters. The intersections of these profiles are used to get well-designed feasible parameters of the liquid and vapor split ratios in an attempt to obtain the desired purities of the top, bottom, and side-stream products. The obtained parameters are validated by rigorous simulations. Three types of case studies involve the separation of hydrocarbons (n-pentane, n-hexane, n-heptane), aromatics (benzene, toluene, p-xylene), and alcohols (ethanol, propanol, butanol).
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 28, 2016 - 11:23:50 AM
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Hassiba Benyounes, Khadidja Benyahia, Weifeng Shen, Vincent Gerbaud, Lichun Dong, et al.. Novel Procedure for Assessment of Feasible Design Parameters of Dividing-Wall Columns: Application to Non-azeotropic Mixtures. Industrial and engineering chemistry research, American Chemical Society, 2015, 54 (19), pp.5307-5318. ⟨10.1021/ie5048576⟩. ⟨hal-01338271⟩

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