Trophic transfer of 110m Ag in the turbot Scophthalmus maximus through natural prey and compounded feed items

Abstract : Industrial incidents can result in radionuclide release in the environment, among which 110mAg. Indeed, under particular circumstances, non-negligible amounts of 110mAg have been measured in the marine environment (as observed in Fukushima Dai-ichi incident). This element can be accumulated by aquatic organisms through different pathways including the trophic transfer. The present study aimed at examining the variation of 110mAg assimilation efficiency (AE) by turbots, Scophthalmus maximus, when exposed through different feeds. Pulse-chase feeding experiments were carried out in mesocosms, using radiolabelled feeds (natural prey and commercial pellets). Depuration kinetics of 110mAg over 21 days were generally fitted by a two-component exponential model; the ingested radioelement was poorly assimilated by turbots regardless of the food item that was used (AE always <3%). Concentration and subcellular distribution of110mAg in prey did not seem to influence its assimilation by turbot. These results suggest that physiological mechanisms could occur in fish that would prevent the transfer of 110mAg from gut lumen to internal organs (e.g. 110mAg neutralization in the lumen of the stomach, detoxification mechanisms occurring in the gut).
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Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Elsevier, 2015, 150, pp.189-194. 〈10.1016/j.jenvrad.2015.08.016〉
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Simon Pouil, Michel Warnau, François Oberhänsli, Jean-Louis Teyssié, Marc Metian. Trophic transfer of 110m Ag in the turbot Scophthalmus maximus through natural prey and compounded feed items. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Elsevier, 2015, 150, pp.189-194. 〈10.1016/j.jenvrad.2015.08.016〉. 〈hal-01333548〉

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