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Pivotal Role of a Pentacoordinate 3MC State on the Photocleavage Efficiency of a Thioether Ligand in Ruthenium(II) Complexes: A Theoretical Mechanistic Study

Abstract : A mechanistic study of the photocleavage of the methylthioethanol ligand (Hmte) in the series of ruthenium complexes [Ru(tpy)(N-N)(Hmte)] 2+ (tpy = 2,2′:6′,2′′-terpyridine, N-N = bpy (2,2′-bipyridine), biq (2,2′-biquinoline), dcbpy (6,6′-dichloro-2,2′-bipyridine), dmbpy (6,6′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine)) was performed using density functional theory. These studies reveal the decisive role of two quasi-degenerate triplet metal-centered states, denoted 3MC hexa and 3MC penta , on the lowest triplet potential energy surface. It also shows how the population of the specific pentacoordinate 3MC penta state, characterized by a geometry more accessible for the attack of a solvent molecule, is a key step for the efficiency of the photosubstitution reaction. The difference in the photosubstitution quantum yields experimentally observed for this series of complexes (from φ = 0.022 for N-N = bpy up to φ = 0.30 for N-N = dmbpy) is rationalized by the existence of this 3MC penta photoreactive state and by the different topologies of the triplet excited-state potential energy surfaces, rather than by the sole steric properties of these polypyridinyl ligands.
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Adrien Göttle, Fabienne Alary, Martial Boggio-Pasqua, Isabelle Dixon, Jean-Louis Heully, et al.. Pivotal Role of a Pentacoordinate 3MC State on the Photocleavage Efficiency of a Thioether Ligand in Ruthenium(II) Complexes: A Theoretical Mechanistic Study. Inorganic Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2016, 55 (9), pp.4448-4456. ⟨10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b00268⟩. ⟨hal-01327047⟩

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