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Map Style Formalization: Rendering Techniques Extension for Cartography

Abstract : Cartographic design requires controllable methods and tools to produce maps that are adapted to users' needs and preferences. The formalized rules and constraints for cartographic representation come mainly from the conceptual framework of graphic semiology. Most current Geographical Information Systems (GIS) rely on the Styled Layer Descriptor and Semiology Encoding (SLD/SE) specifications which provide an XML schema describing the styling rules to be applied on geographic data to draw a map. Although this formalism is relevant for most usages in cartography, it fails to describe complex cartographic and artistic styles. In order to overcome these limitations, we propose an extension of the existing SLD/SE specifications to manage extended map stylizations, by the means of controllable expressive methods. Inspired by artistic and cartographic sources (Cassini maps, mountain maps, artistic movements, etc.), we propose to integrate into our system three main expressive methods: linear stylization, patch-based region filling and vector texture generation. We demonstrate how our pipeline allows to personalize map rendering with expressive methods in several examples.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 24, 2016 - 10:01:20 AM
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Sidonie Christophe, Bertrand Duménieu, Jérémie Turbet, Charlotte Hoarau, Nicolas Mellado, et al.. Map Style Formalization: Rendering Techniques Extension for Cartography. Expressive 2016 The Joint Symposium on Computational Aesthetics and Sketch-Based Interfaces and Modeling and Non-Photorealistic Animation and Rendering, The Eurographics Association, May 2016, Lisbonne, Portugal. pp.59-68, ⟨10.2312/exp.20161064⟩. ⟨hal-01317403⟩



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