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Chemical diversity and antiviral potential in the pantropical Diospyros genus

Abstract : A screening using a dengue replicon virus-cell-based assay was performed on 3563 ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extracts from different parts of 1500 plants. The screening led to the selection of species from the genus Diospyros (Ebenaceae), among which 25 species distributed in tropical areas showed significant inhibitory activity on dengue virus replication. A metabolic analysis was conducted from the UPLC-HRMS profiles of 33 biologically active and inactive plant extracts, and their metabolic proximity is presented in the form of a dendrogram. The results of the study showed that chemical similarity is not related to plant species or organ. Overall, metabolomic profiling allowed us to define large groups of extracts, comprising both active and inactive ones. Closely related profiles from active extracts might indicate that the common major components of these extracts were responsible for the antiviral activity, while the comparison of chemically similar active and inactive extracts, will permit to find compounds of interest. Eventually, the phytochemical investigation of Diospyrosglans bark EtOAc extract afforded usnic acid and 7 known ursane- and lupane-type triterpenoids, among which 5 were found significantly active against dengue virus replication. The inhibitory potency of these compounds was also evaluated on a DENV-NS5 RNA-dependant RNA polymerase assay.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 9, 2016 - 2:28:04 PM
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Laure-Anne Peyrat, Véronique Eparvier, Cécilia Eydoux, Jean-Claude Guillemot, Didier Stien, et al.. Chemical diversity and antiviral potential in the pantropical Diospyros genus. Fitoterapia, Elsevier, 2016, ⟨10.1016/j.fitote.2016.04.017⟩. ⟨hal-01313025⟩

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