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LA PAROLE ÉCRITE AU LENDEMAIN DE LA PREMIÈRE GUERRE MONDIALE. VARIATION SOCIALE, LITTÉRATIE TRONQUÉE OU RÉSIDU DIGLOSSIQUE

Abstract : A triple diglossic language situation prevailed in France well before and even after the First World War – a diglossia between regional languages and French, between dialects and standard language and between corrupt spoken French and correct spoken French (cf. Brunot 1909). In addition, there was a diglossia between oral and written language. During the Great War, the ’ordinary’ French citizens put pen to paper. Their written productions offer linguists an observatory of the language use from below and pave the way for the first systematic studies of the spoken language use in France. The best known among these studies is certainly Henri Frei’s La Grammaire des fautes (1929), which shows through ”faults, innovations, slang, unusual or disputed cases and grammatical confusion” that the non-standard language follows systematic rules, even if these rules do not conform to the prescriptive norms (p. 32). In comparison, Henri Bauche (1920) gives a picture of the Parisian language variety used by the lower classes of society during the same period. The diversity of the empirical data of these studies allows a review of the transposition of spoken to written language in a society in which citizens have been able to benefit from generalised schooling, but, in addition, makes it also possible to re-examine the function of the written language and the grammaticised norms according to professional linguists.
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Carita Klippi. LA PAROLE ÉCRITE AU LENDEMAIN DE LA PREMIÈRE GUERRE MONDIALE. VARIATION SOCIALE, LITTÉRATIE TRONQUÉE OU RÉSIDU DIGLOSSIQUE . Dossiers d'HEL, SHESL, 2016, Écriture(s) et représentations du langage et des langues, 9, pp.422-440. ⟨hal-01306937⟩

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