Effect of Aging on Phosphorus Speciation in Surface Deposit of a Vertical Flow Constructed Wetland

Abstract : This study was conducted to determine phosphorus (P) species captured in a vertical-flow constructed wetland (VFCW) system combining a trickling filter followed by FeCl3 injection for phosphate coagulation. Suspended solids (SS) thus formed accumulated over time at the VFCW surface and transformed into a sludge deposit layer, which was shown to concentrate most of the P captured in the system. In order to investigate the effect of aging on P species, representative SS and sludge samples were taken from a wastewater treatment plant that had been in operation for 8 years and analyzed using P fractionation, solution 31P NMR spectroscopy and P and Fe K-edge XANES spectroscopy. A partial mineralization of organic matter was shown by comparing organic carbon contents of SS and sludge materials. Chemical fractionations combined with P and Fe K-edge XANES spectroscopy showed that P was predominantly bound to iron within both samples in the form of ferric phosphate, rather than adsorbed onto ferric oxyhydroxide. Calcium-bound P was more significantly observed in sludge than in SS, suggesting that aging induced the recombination of part of the organic and iron-bound P species into calcium-bound forms, as a possible consequence of the partial mineralization of organic matter.
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Boram Kim, Mathieu Gautier, Camille Rivard, Corinne Sanglar, Philippe Michel, et al.. Effect of Aging on Phosphorus Speciation in Surface Deposit of a Vertical Flow Constructed Wetland. Environmental Science & Technology, American Chemical Society, 2015, 49 (8), pp.4903-4910. ⟨10.1021/es506164v⟩. ⟨hal-01302471⟩

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