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Small noise and long time phase diffusion in stochastic limit cycle oscillators

Abstract : We study the effect of additive Brownian noise on an ODE system that has a stable hyperbolic limit cycle, for initial data that are attracted to the limit cycle. The analysis is performed in the limit of small noise - that is, we modulate the noise by a factor $\varepsilon \searrow 0$ - and on a long time horizon. We prove explicit estimateson the proximity of the noisy trajectory and the limit cycle up to times $\exp\left(c \varepsilon^{-2}\right)$, $c>0$, and we show both that on the time scale $\varepsilon^{-2}$ the "dephasing" (i.e., the difference between noiseless and noisy system measured in a natural coordinate system that involves a phase) is close to a Brownian motion with constant drift, and that on longer time scales the dephasing dynamics is dominated, to leading order, by the drift. The natural choice of coordinates, that reduces the dynamics in a neighborhood of the cycle to a rotation, plays a central role and makes the connection with the applied science literature in which noisy limit cycle dynamics are often reduced to a diffusion model for the phase of the limit cycle.
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Contributor : Christophe Poquet <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 13, 2016 - 10:38:09 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 8, 2020 - 12:43:56 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01301862, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1512.04436


Giambattista Giacomin, Christophe Poquet, Assaf Shapira. Small noise and long time phase diffusion in stochastic limit cycle oscillators. Journal of Differential Equations, Elsevier, 2017. ⟨hal-01301862⟩



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