Pratiques paysannes et théories savantes agronomiques au XVIIIe siècle : Le cas des débats sur la transmission des maladies des grains de blé

Abstract : This paper focuses on the relationship between peasant practices and learned theories in the context of the debates on the transmission of corn disease between 1730 and 1760. At first, learned texts on plant diseases sought for the causes in weather conditions, in accordance with Theophrastus and Pliny the Elder. Then, country scholars proposed explanations and remedies based on peasant practices for the symptom of corn turning entirely or partially into black dust. These practices designated the quality of the seed, in particular whether or not it was spotted by diseased grain. In the 1750s, some members of the learned world turned toward the writings of these country scholars and, on their basis, carried out experiments in the fields. A case in point, Tillet proposed an explanatory theory incorporating concepts borrowed from chemistry and medicine, which was to set the pattern of research for fifty years. This movement arose in a specific context : the progress of education in rural areas, the emphasis on agriculture as central to the creation of wealth, the use of scientific methods to understand and master nature as well as interest in professional knowledge and practice.
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01289551
Contributor : Gilles Denis <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 16, 2016 - 10:44:56 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 3, 2018 - 11:34:03 AM

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Gilles Denis. Pratiques paysannes et théories savantes agronomiques au XVIIIe siècle : Le cas des débats sur la transmission des maladies des grains de blé. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences, Armand Colin 2001, octobre-décembre 2001, 54 (4), pp.451-494. ⟨10.3406/rhs.2001.2134⟩. ⟨hal-01289551⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

151