Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Modern teaching of military surgery: why and how to prepare the orthopaedic surgeons before deployment? The French experience

Résumé : Improved survival of combat casualties in modern conflicts is especially due to early access to damage control resuscitation and surgery in forward surgical facilities. In the French Army, these small mobile units are staffed with one general surgeon and one orthopaedic surgeon who must be able to perform any kind of trauma or non trauma emergency surgery. METHODS: This concept of forward surgery requires a solid foundation in general surgery which is no longer provided by the current surgical programs due to an early specialization of the residents. Obviously a specific training is needed in war trauma due to the special pathology and practice, but also in humanitarian care which is often provided in military field facilities. RESULTS: To meet that demand the French Military Health Service Academy created an Advanced Course for Deployment Surgery (ACDS), also called CACHIRMEX (Cours Avancé de CHIRurgie en Mission EXtérieure). Since 2007 this course is mandatory for young military surgeons before their first deployment. Orthopaedic trainees are particularly interested in learning war damage control orthopaedic tactics, general surgery life-saving procedures and humanitarian orthopaedic surgery principles in austere environments. CONCLUSION: Additional pre-deployment training was recently developed to improve the preparation of mobile surgical teams, as well as a continuing medical education for any active-duty or reserve surgeon to be deployed.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01281751
Contributor : Ifsttar Cadic <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 2, 2016 - 4:52:23 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 3, 2021 - 2:42:03 PM

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Laurent Mathieu, Benjamin Joly, Stéphane Bonnet, Antoine Bertani, Frédéric Rongieras, et al.. Modern teaching of military surgery: why and how to prepare the orthopaedic surgeons before deployment? The French experience. International Orthopaedics, Springer Verlag, 2015, 39, ⟨10.1007/s00264-015-2741-7⟩. ⟨hal-01281751⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

279