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Hydration, oxidation, and reduction of GdBaCo 2 O 5.5 from first-principles

Abstract : Structural, magnetic and chemical properties of GdBaCo 2 O 5.5 regarding hydration, oxidation and reduction are studied by density-functional calculations in the DFT + U formalism. Besides the orthorhombic Pmmm structure, a lower energy, tilted, distorted structure is found. The hydrated configurations obtained by water dissociation in the oxygen vacancies of the GdO 0.5 plane exhibit strong distortions with respect to the Pmmm structure. Simulation of protonic defects provides the energy landscape of incorporated protons, which preferentially bind to oxygens of the CoO 2 planes, suggesting their possible bidimensional diffusion in this plane. We also studied oxygen incorporation (oxidation) in the oxygen vacancies of the GdO 0.5 planes, and oxygen removal (reduction) from BaO, CoO 2 and GdO 0.5 planes. The oxidized compound, GdBaCo 2 O 5.75 , is rather p-type metallic, while the reduced compound, GdBaCo 2 O 5.25 , remains an insulator, due to electronic localization (Co 3+ + e À / Co 2+). Taking Pmmm as the reference, both hydration at high water concentration (one H 2 O per 38-atom supercell) and oxidation are found exothermic. However, if the distorted structure is chosen as the reference, these reactions become endothermic, at least at the high water/oxygen concentration studied. Reduction is, in both cases, endothermic. Nevertheless, negative formation energies of the protonic defects suggest the possibility of hydration at lower water concentration.
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Contributor : Christine Vinée-Jacquin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 23, 2016 - 4:40:03 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 22, 2021 - 3:03:59 AM



Esther Coulaud, Guilhem Dezanneau, Grégory Geneste. Hydration, oxidation, and reduction of GdBaCo 2 O 5.5 from first-principles. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015, pp.23917-23929. ⟨10.1039/c5ta05388a⟩. ⟨hal-01278154⟩



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