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La construction de l'identité des Setos (1920-1940)

Abstract : This article analyses the process of identity building through which the young Estonian Republic, during the interwar period, tried to integrate the Setos, a small ethnic group related to Estonians and living in the far south-east of Estonia, into the Estonian ethnos. This process can be described as a voluntarist national construction directed from the outside: the Estonian authorities succeeded in convincing the Setos that they were Estonians, although they had not yet begun to perceive themselves as a nation (their self-identity was based mainly on their belonging to the Orthodox Church, and not on a national consciousness). Among the methods applied, apart from Estonian language education for children, were the estonianisation of first names and family names and the organising of large popular congresses. Estonians tried to apply to the Setos recipes that were inspired by their own nation building process, i.e. to reproduce with the Seto in a planned manner the evolutions which had led in the previous century to the formation of their own national consciousness: development of associations, development of the press, organisation of song festivals and elaboration of an epic.
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Contributor : Antoine Chalvin <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 17, 2016 - 11:19:57 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 1, 2020 - 11:37:29 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, May 18, 2016 - 1:14:03 PM


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  • HAL Id : hal-01275284, version 1



Antoine Chalvin. La construction de l'identité des Setos (1920-1940). Études finno-ougriennes, Presses de l'Inalco, 2012, 43 (année 2011), pp.119-144. ⟨hal-01275284⟩



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