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In the Leviathan Model, the average opinion is higher when vanity is weaker with lower valued agents

Abstract : In the Leviathan model, agents form opinions about each other. During dyadic meetings, they directly influence each other, or talk about peers through gossip. Speakers highly valued by their listeners are more influential. Moreover, they are subject to a vanity process; if an agent feels undervalued, then he decreases his opinion about the despising agent and on the contrary he increases his opinion about a compliment-giver agent. This model produces several different patterns depending on the parameter values, but the average opinion is always negative whatever the emerging pattern. As a consequence, the gossips tend to be mostly negative. Since this is not in complete accordance with the social-psychology literature indicating that both mostly negative and positive gossip can be observed, we investigate the changes to operate to obtain also mostly positive gossips. We found that when the vanity process is less triggered by agents held in low esteem, the average opinion significantly increases. We check that with this modification, the model still yields the same patterns.
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  • HAL Id : hal-01272082, version 1
  • IRSTEA : PUB00041833

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S. Huet, G. Deffuant. In the Leviathan Model, the average opinion is higher when vanity is weaker with lower valued agents. 5th World Conference on Social Simulation (WCSS), Nov 2014, Sao Paulo, Brazil. pp.12. ⟨hal-01272082⟩

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