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The thermo-mechanical behaviour of the Callovo-Oxfordian claystone

Abstract : The Callovo-Oxfordian (COx) claystone is considered as a potential host rock in the French concept of high level radioactive waste disposal at great depth. To better understand and to complement existing published data on the thermo-hydro-mechanical behaviour of the COx claystone, an experimental program was carried out by using a hollow cylinder triaxial device specially developed for low permeability materials. Special care was devoted to the saturation of the specimens that was made under stress conditions close to in-situ, and to conditions ensuring full drainage thanks to a reduced drainage length and low shear rate. Tests were carried out under in-situ, half to in-situ and twice the Terzaghi mean effective in-situ stress at 25°C and 80°C to investigate the effects in the close field of the temperature elevation due to the exothermic nature of the waste. Some radial permeability tests were conducted at various temperatures. The data obtained showed that there is little effect of temperature on the elastic parameters determined, whereas a tendency to a decrease in shear strength was noted, compatible with the few published data. Temperature also appeared to have little effect on the intrinsic permeability, with higher flows mainly due to the decrease in water viscosity.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 19, 2019 - 6:20:08 PM
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Hamza Menaceur, Pierre Delage, Anh Minh Tang, Nathalie Conil. The thermo-mechanical behaviour of the Callovo-Oxfordian claystone. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Science & Geomechanics Abstracts, Pergamon and Elsevier, 2015, 78, pp.190-303. ⟨10.1016/j.ijrmms.2015.07.002⟩. ⟨hal-02104941⟩



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