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Effect of cavitation on velocity in the near-field of a diesel nozzle

Abstract : The entire process of atomization of the fuel in an internal combustion engine plays a very important role in determining the overall efficiency of these engines. A good atomization process could help the fuel to mix with the air properly leading to its efficient combustion, thereby reducing the emitted pollutants as well. The recent trend followed by the engineers focused on designing fuel injectors for more efficient atomization is to increase the atomization pressure while decreasing the nozzle orifice diameter. A consequence of this is the development of cavitation (formation of vapor cavities or bubbles in the liquid) inside the injector close to the nozzle. The main reason behind this is the sudden changes in the pressure inside the injector and these cavities or bubbles are usually formed where the pressure is relatively low. This work mainly focuses on studying the formation of cavitation and its effect on the velocity of the spray in the near nozzle region using asymmetrical transparent nozzle equipped with a needle lift sensor with nozzle diameter of 0.35 mm at 300 bar of injection pressure. The experiment consists in recording of several image-pairs, which are separated by about 300 ns, capturing the dynamics of the spray, a few millimeters from the nozzle in the direction of the flow. These image-pairs are then used to compute the velocity from the displacement of the liquid structures and ligaments by correlating the first image with the second. About 200 of such velocity graphs are then averaged to obtain a velocity map and is compared with the similar average velocity maps obtained at different times from the start of the injection. The angular spread of the spray from each of these images is calculated as well. The images showing cavitation inside the injector are also recorded at these same instants of time so as to understand the effects of cavitation on the velocity and angular spread of the spray close to the nozzle.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 20, 2016 - 12:12:36 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 4:14:04 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-01259333, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1601.06843

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Harsh Purwar, Kamel Lounnaci, Saïd Idlahcen, Claude Rozé, Jean-Bernard Blaisot, et al.. Effect of cavitation on velocity in the near-field of a diesel nozzle. 13th International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, National Cheng Kung University, Aug 2015, Tainan, Taiwan. ⟨hal-01259333⟩

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