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Influence of substrate water saturation on pesticide dissipation in constructed wetlands

Abstract : Constructed wetlands are an effective and practical option for removing pesticide pollution from runoff or subsur- face drainage water. The objective of this study was to assess the efficiencies of a ditch with a bundle of straw placed in its centre and a vegetated pond installed in grass cover bands at downstream of a drained plot. The dissipation rates of three herbicides and three fungicides were monitored on four sub- strates commonly found in constructed wetlands (two soils, sediment and straw). The influence of water content was de- termined in a sequence of three steps (flooded-unsaturated- flooded) over 120 days. The pesticide dissipation rates ob- served during the 120 days of incubation ranged from 1.4 to 100 %. Isoproturon and 2,4-MCPA (MCPA) showed the highest dissipation rates, which ranged from 61.0 to 100 % of the applied quantities during the 120 days of incubation. In contrast, boscalid and tebuconazole showed the lowest dissi- pation rates, which ranged from 1.4 to 43.9 % of the applied quantities during the 120 days of incubation. The estimated DT 50 values ranged from 20.5 days to more than 1 year and were influenced by the substrate water content. The soil and straw substrates had the lowest DT 50 values during the unsat- urated conditions, whereas the sediments had the lowest DT 50 values during the flooded conditions. These results could be explained by an adaptation of microbial communities to their environmental conditions. Thus, the most favourable conditions of dissipation for soils and straw are observable when the drainage ceases (spring and summer). However, favourable conditions occur all year for the sediments, except when the constructed wetlands are dry. The results suggest that the dissipation of pesticides in constructed wetlands con- tributes to the long-term effectiveness of these buffer zones for reducing water pollution.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01254866
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 12, 2016 - 5:22:22 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, October 16, 2021 - 11:24:09 AM

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Romain Vallée, Sylvie Dousset, David Billet. Influence of substrate water saturation on pesticide dissipation in constructed wetlands. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2016, ⟨10.1007/s11356-015-4367-0⟩. ⟨hal-01254866⟩

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