Urban Climate, Human behavior & Energy consumption: from LCZ mapping to simulation and urban planning (the MapUCE project)

Valéry Masson 1 Julia Hidalgo 1 Alexandre Amossé 2 Fateh Belaid 3 Erwan Bocher 4 Marion Bonhomme 2 Alexis Bourgeois 5 Geneviève Bretagne 6 S Caillerez 7 Erwan Cordeau 8 Coralie Demazeux 9 Serge Faraut 2 C. Gallato 7 Sinda Haoues-Jouve 10 Marie-Laure Lambert 9 Aude Lemonsu 1 Renaud Lestringant 1 Jean-Pierre Levy 5 Nathalie Long 11 Claudia Ximena Lopez 10 Margot Pellegrino 5 Gwendall Petit 12 Cécilia Pignon-Mussaud 11 Christine Plumejeaud-Perreau 11 V. Ruff 7 Robert Schoetter 1 Nathalie Tornay 2 Didier Vye 11
Abstract : The MApUCE project aims to integrate in urban policies and most relevant legal documents quantitative data from urban microclimate, climate and energy. The primary objective of this project is to obtain climate and energy quantitative data from numerical simulations, focusing on urban microclimate and building energy consumption in the residential and service sectors, which represents in France 41% of the final energy consumption. Both aspects are coupled as building energy consumption is highly meteorologically dependent (e.g. domestic heating, air-conditioning) and heat waste impact the Urban Heat Island. We propose to develop, using national databases, a generic and automated method for generating Local Climate Zones (LCZ) for all cities in France, including the urban architectural, geographical and sociological parameters necessary for energy and microclimate simulations. As will be presented, previous projects on adaptation of cities to climate change have shown that human behavior is a very potent level to address energy consumption reduction, as much as urban forms or architectural technologies. Therefore, in order to further refine the coupled urban climate and energy consumption calculations, we will develop within TEB (and its Building Energy Module) a model of energy consumer behavior. The second objective of the project is to propose a methodology to integrate quantitative data in urban policies. Lawyers analyze the potential levers in legal and planning documents. A few “best cases” are also studied, in order to evaluate their performances. Finally, based on urban planning agencies requirements, we will define vectors to include quantified energy-climate data to legal urban planning documents. These vectors have to be understandable by urban planners and contain the relevant information. To meet these challenges, the project is organized around strongly interdisciplinary partners in the following fields: law, urban climate, building energetics, architecture, sociology, geography and meteorology, as well as the national federation of urban planning agencies. In terms of results, the cross-analysis of input urban parameters and urban micro-climate-energy simulated data will be available on-line as standardized maps for each of the studied cities. The urban parameter production tool as well as the models will be available as open-source. LCZ and associated urban (and social!) indicators may be integrated within the WUDAPT database.
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Communication dans un congrès
9th International Conference on Urban Climate, Jul 2015, Toulouse, France. Proceeding of the ICUC9 - 9th International Conference on Urban Climate, 2015, 〈http://www.meteo.fr/icuc9/index.html〉
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Valéry Masson, Julia Hidalgo, Alexandre Amossé, Fateh Belaid, Erwan Bocher, et al.. Urban Climate, Human behavior & Energy consumption: from LCZ mapping to simulation and urban planning (the MapUCE project). 9th International Conference on Urban Climate, Jul 2015, Toulouse, France. Proceeding of the ICUC9 - 9th International Conference on Urban Climate, 2015, 〈http://www.meteo.fr/icuc9/index.html〉. 〈hal-01252761〉

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