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Classification of Dopamine Receptor Genes in Vertebrates: Nine Subtypes in Osteichthyes.

Abstract : Dopaminergic (DA) neurons located in the preoptico-hypothalamic region of the brain exert a major neuroendocrine control on reproduction, growth, and homeostasis by regulating the secretion of anterior pituitary (or adenohypophysis) hormones. Here, using a retrograde tract tracing experiment, we identified the neurons playing this role in the zebrafish. The DA cells projecting directly to the anterior pituitary are localized in the most anteroventral part of the preoptic area, and we named them preoptico-hypophyseal DA (POHDA) neurons. During development, these neurons do not appear before 72 hours postfertilization (hpf) and are the last dopaminergic cell group to differentiate. We found that the number of neurons in this cell population continues to increase throughout life proportionally to the growth of the fish. 5-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation analysis suggested that this increase is due to continuous neurogenesis and not due to a phenotypic change in already-existing neurons. Finally, expression profiles of several genes (foxg1a, dlx2a, and nr4a2a/b) were different in the POHDA compared with the adjacent suprachiasmatic DA neurons, suggesting that POHDA neurons develop as a distinct DA cell population in the preoptic area. This study offers some insights into the regional identity of the preoptic area and provides the first bases for future functional genetic studies on the development of DA neurons controlling anterior pituitary functions.
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Contributor : Alain Perignon <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 9, 2015 - 11:24:01 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, July 3, 2021 - 12:12:38 AM

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Kei Yamamoto, Romain Fontaine, Catherine Pasqualini, Philippe Vernier. Classification of Dopamine Receptor Genes in Vertebrates: Nine Subtypes in Osteichthyes.. Brain, Behavior and Evolution, Karger, 2015, 86 (3-4), pp.164-175. ⟨10.1159/000441550⟩. ⟨hal-01240424⟩



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