Antibacterial properties and mode of action of new triaryl butene citrate compounds

Abstract : The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of newly synthesized triaryl butene analogues of tamoxifen. Several compounds were synthesized and converted to citrate salts to ensure greater solubility. Four compounds showed significant antibacterial activity at micromolar concentrations against Gram-positive and Gram-negative foodborne pathogens including Listeria monocytogenes, Listeria ivanovii, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Two compounds at 50 mu M, caused only 7.8 and 11% hemolysis. One of these as well as the remaining two caused high K+ and Na+ efflux from bacterial cells. Ultrastructural alterations were also visible using transmission electron microscopy, which revealed severe damage of the inner or outer membrane of E. coli. L ivanovii showed swelling, corrugations and similar damage indicating a loss of cell-wall integrity. Organometallic compounds may offer interesting opportunities for the design of novel classes of antimicrobial compounds. (C) 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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Mehdi El Arbi, Jeremie Theolier, Pascal Pigeon, Karim Jellali, Fatma Trigui, et al.. Antibacterial properties and mode of action of new triaryl butene citrate compounds. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, Elsevier, 2014, 76, pp.408-413. ⟨10.1016/j.ejmech.2014.02.037⟩. ⟨hal-01230373⟩

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