Minimal cosmography

Federico Piazza 1, 2 Thomas Schucker 2, 1
2 CPT - E3 Cosmologie
CPT - Centre de Physique Théorique - UMR 7332
Abstract : The minimal requirement for cosmography—a non-dynamical description of the uni-verse—is a prescription for calculating null geodesics, and time-like geodesics as a function of their proper time. In this paper, we consider the most general linear connection compatible with homogeneity and isotropy, but not necessarily with a metric. A light-cone structure is assigned by choosing a set of geodesics representing light rays. This defines a " scale factor " and a local notion of distance, as that travelled by light in a given proper time interval. We find that the velocities and relativistic energies of free-falling bodies decrease in time as a consequence of cosmic expansion, but at a rate that can be different than that dictated by the usual metric framework. By extrapolating this behavior to photons' redshift, we find that the latter is in principle independent of the " scale factor ". Interestingly, redshift-distance relations and other standard geometric observables are modified in this extended framework, in a way that could be experimentally tested. An extremely tight constraint on the model, however, is represented by the blackbody-ness of the Cosmic Microwave Background. Finally, as a check, we also consider the effects of a non-metric connection in a different setup , namely, that of a static, spherically symmetric spacetime.
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Federico Piazza, Thomas Schucker. Minimal cosmography. General Relativity and Gravitation, Springer Verlag, 2016, 48 (41), ⟨10.1007/s10714-016-2039-0⟩. ⟨hal-01230034⟩

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