European Tamaricaceae in Bioengineering on Dry Soils

Abstract : We tested the bioengineering capabilities and resistance to drought of cuttings of two typical riparian species of Mediterranean and Alpine streams scarcely used in soil bioengineering: Myricaria germanica (L.) Desv. and Tamarix gallica L. We conducted two experiments, one ex situ and one in situ, with different drought treatments on cuttings of these two species in comparison with Salix purpurea L., a willow very commonly used in bioengineering. The biological traits considered were resprouting/survival rate, quantity of structural roots, above- and belowground biomass, shoot-to-root ratio, and ratio of the biomass increase between the first and second season. T. gallica and M. Germanica showed generally good capabilities for soil bioengineering use. T. gallica showed especially good resprouting rates in drought conditions with a survival rate of 97 % in dry modality of the in situ experiment. M. germanica cuttings presented a much lower survival rate than the other two species in in situ experiments with harsh drought conditions from the beginning. T. gallica had a lower shoot-to-root ratio than S. purpurea for all drought treatments. M. germanica and T. gallica showed a very significant increase in belowground biomass during the second vegetative period, demonstrating that these species can quickly achieve strong anchoring. These observations confirmed the interest of these species in bioengineering.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Environmental Management, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2015, 56 (1), pp.221-232. 〈10.1007/s00267-015-0499-8〉
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Contributeur : Hervé Piégay <>
Soumis le : lundi 2 novembre 2015 - 15:12:40
Dernière modification le : jeudi 1 novembre 2018 - 01:21:50

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Catherine Lavaine, André Evette, Hervé Piégay. European Tamaricaceae in Bioengineering on Dry Soils. Environmental Management, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2015, 56 (1), pp.221-232. 〈10.1007/s00267-015-0499-8〉. 〈hal-01223359〉

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