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Principes structurants et construction de savoirs en sciences de la vie et de la Terre

Abstract : Abstract: In this article, we work on the structuring principles that organize the fields of scientific knowledge whose display is limited in current teaching programs. We use three examples whose importance is recognized in the operation of life and Earth sciences: the principle of uniformitarianism, the principle of unity of functioning of animals and plants, the principle of unity of functioning of the nerve cells. Our study, which takes place within the theoretical framework of the problematization, allows to characterize the epistemological appropriation by pupils and students of the historical geology and physiology problems, and to clarify the relationship of their reasoning with these structuring principles. It highlights the scope of these heuristic principles, their intervention in access to the control of operation of complex systems, and more generally their role of barrier against irrationalism.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01220344
Contributor : François Texier <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 26, 2015 - 10:44:27 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 17, 2019 - 9:49:07 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01220344, version 1

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Denise Orange-Ravachol. Principes structurants et construction de savoirs en sciences de la vie et de la Terre. Éducation & Didactique, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2011, 5 (1), pp.7-27. ⟨hal-01220344⟩

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