Detection of Alzheimer's disease signature in MR images seven years before conversion to dementia: Toward an early individual prognosis.

Abstract : Finding very early biomarkers of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) to aid in individual prognosis is of major interest to accelerate the development of new therapies. Among the potential biomarkers, neurodegeneration measurements from MRI are considered as good candidates but have so far not been effective at the early stages of the pathology. Our objective is to investigate the efficiency of a new MR-based hippocampal grading score to detect incident dementia in cognitively intact patients. This new score is based on a pattern recognition strategy, providing a grading measure that reflects the similarity of the anatomical patterns of the subject under study with dataset composed of healthy subjects and patients with AD. Hippocampal grading was evaluated on subjects from the Three-City cohort, with a follow-up period of 12 years. Experiments demonstrate that hippocampal grading yields prediction accuracy up to 72.5% (p<0.0001) 7 years before conversion to AD, better than both hippocampal volume (58.1%, p=0.04) and MMSE score (56.9%, p=0.08). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) supports the efficiency of imaging biomarkers with a gain of 8.4 percentage points for hippocampal grade (73.0%) over hippocampal volume (64.6%). Adaptation of the proposed framework to clinical score estimation is also presented. Compared to previous studies investigating new biomarkers for AD prediction over much shorter periods, the very long follow-up of the Three-City cohort demonstrates the important clinical potential of the proposed imaging biomarker. The high accuracy obtained with this new imaging biomarker paves the way for computer-based prognostic aides to help the clinician identify cognitively intact subjects that are at high risk to develop AD.
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Human Brain Mapping, Wiley, 2015, <10.1002/hbm.22926>
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Pierrick Coupé, Vladimir S Fonov, Charlotte Bernard, Azar Zandifar, Simon F Eskildsen, et al.. Detection of Alzheimer's disease signature in MR images seven years before conversion to dementia: Toward an early individual prognosis.. Human Brain Mapping, Wiley, 2015, <10.1002/hbm.22926>. <hal-01219781>

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