Characterization of the Escherichia coli σ(S) core regulon by Chromatin Immunoprecipitation-sequencing (ChIP-seq) analysis

Abstract : In bacteria, selective promoter recognition by RNA polymerase is achieved by its association with σ factors, accessory subunits able to direct RNA polymerase "core enzyme" (E) to different promoter sequences. Using Chromatin Immunoprecipitation-sequencing (ChIP-seq), we searched for promoters bound by the σ(S)-associated RNA polymerase form (Eσ(S)) during transition from exponential to stationary phase. We identified 63 binding sites for Eσ(S) overlapping known or putative promoters, often located upstream of genes (encoding either ORFs or non-coding RNAs) showing at least some degree of dependence on the σ(S)-encoding rpoS gene. Eσ(S) binding did not always correlate with an increase in transcription level, suggesting that, at some σ(S)-dependent promoters, Eσ(S) might remain poised in a pre-initiation state upon binding. A large fraction of Eσ(S)-binding sites corresponded to promoters recognized by RNA polymerase associated with σ(70) or other σ factors, suggesting a considerable overlap in promoter recognition between different forms of RNA polymerase. In particular, Eσ(S) appears to contribute significantly to transcription of genes encoding proteins involved in LPS biosynthesis and in cell surface composition. Finally, our results highlight a direct role of Eσ(S) in the regulation of non coding RNAs, such as OmrA/B, RyeA/B and SibC.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 20, 2015 - 10:32:39 AM
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Clelia Peano, Johannes Wolf, Julien Demol, Elio Rossi, Luca Petiti, et al.. Characterization of the Escherichia coli σ(S) core regulon by Chromatin Immunoprecipitation-sequencing (ChIP-seq) analysis. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2015, 5, pp.10469. 〈10.1038/srep10469〉. 〈hal-01217828〉

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