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Salivary markers of taste sensitivity to oleic acid: a combined proteomics and metabolomics approach

Rana Mounayar 1 Martine Morzel 1 Hélène Brignot 1 Marie A Tremblay-Franco 2 Cécile Canlet 2 Géraldine Lucchi 3 Patrick Ducoroy 3 Gilles Feron 1 Eric Neyraud 1, * 
* Corresponding author
3 CLIPP - Plate-forme Protéomique CLIPP - Clinical and Innovation Proteomic Platform [Dijon]
FEMTO-ST - Franche-Comté Électronique Mécanique, Thermique et Optique - Sciences et Technologies (UMR 6174), ICMUB - Institut de Chimie Moléculaire de l'Université de Bourgogne [Dijon]
Abstract : Saliva is a biological fluid playing numerous roles in the oral cavity and increasingly considered as a source of markers. The role of saliva in sensory perception has been known for years but it is only recently that its potential role in oral fatty acids (FA) perception has been suggested. The aim of the present work was to study the relationships between taste sensitivity to oleic acid and the salivary proteome (2D electrophoresis) and metabolome (H-1 NMR). This was achieved by comparing saliva from two groups of subjects, highly (sensitive+) and weakly sensitive (sensitive-) to the taste of oleic acid. Partial least squares-discriminant analyses (PLS-DA) were used to model the relationship between sensitivity to C18:1, and the proteome and metabolome data. The two groups could be discriminated by ten spots. In particular, cystatin SN, cystatin D, zinc-alpha-2-glycoprotein and carbonic anhydrase 6 were overexpressed in the sensitive+ group. The latter result was confirmed by ELISA. The overexpression of these proteins, which have been associated to taste perception, supports the argument that C18: 1 is perceived by the taste system. The two groups could also be discriminated on the basis of eight metabolites, with FA, FA/proline, lysine and FA/pyruvate overexpressed in the sensitive+ group and acetate, leucine/isoleucine and butyrate overexpressed in the sensitive-group. The overexpression of these metabolites suggests a higher bacterial load in this group which could be implicated in perception of FAs.
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Rana Mounayar, Martine Morzel, Hélène Brignot, Marie A Tremblay-Franco, Cécile Canlet, et al.. Salivary markers of taste sensitivity to oleic acid: a combined proteomics and metabolomics approach. Metabolomics, Springer Verlag, 2014, 10 (4), pp.688-696. ⟨10.1007/s11306-013-0602-1⟩. ⟨hal-01211077⟩

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