Magneto-photoluminescence spectroscopy of bright and dark excitons in isolated semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes

Morgane Gandil 1 Kazunari Matsuda 2 Philippe Tamarat 1 Brahim Lounis 1
1 lp2n-01,lp2n-12
LP2N - Laboratoire Photonique, Numérique et Nanosciences
Abstract : Since the first experimental evidence of photoluminescence of semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), studies have been conducted to investigate the optical properties of these nano-structures, motivated by possible applications in the fields of quantum information, biological labeling, opto-electronics or laser technology. The unidimensional nature of SWNTs, through the combined effect of the strong spatial confinement and the low coulomb screening, leads to high electron-hole binding energies. The photo-excitation of SWNTs results therefore in the formation of strongly correlated electron-hole pairs, so-called excitons, which dominate the photo-physical behavior of these nano-objects. Due to the configuration of the excitonic band structure, the luminescence of semiconducting SWNTs is mainly governed by the two lowest singlet states: the upper one is optically active (bright) whereas the lower one corresponds to a parity forbidden dipole transition (dark). A magnetic field applied along the SWNT axis induces the coupling of these two levels through the Aharonov-Bohm effect. The resultant magnetic brightening of the dark state opened up the field of magneto-photoluminescence spectroscopy as a promising way to investigate the photo-physical properties of SWNTs. Here, we report the study of isolated CVD-grown SWNTs suspended on lithographed trenches of a silicon substrate. Measurements were performed at the single-object level using a home-built confocal optical microscope with a large numerical aperture (NA = 0.95) operating at cryogenic temperatures (down to 2K) and high magnetic field (up to 7T). Photoluminescence spectra and decay signals of single SWNTs were acquired under various experimental conditions, including different magnetic fields, temperatures and optical excitation frequencies. From these spectroscopic and time-resolved measurements, relaxation dynamics of the bright and dark excitons and their interactions with the phonons will be discussed.
Type de document :
Poster
Trends in Nanotechnology International Conference, Sep 2015, Toulouse, France
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01203376
Contributeur : Morgane Gandil <>
Soumis le : mardi 22 septembre 2015 - 20:10:23
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:26:24

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  • HAL Id : hal-01203376, version 1

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Morgane Gandil, Kazunari Matsuda, Philippe Tamarat, Brahim Lounis. Magneto-photoluminescence spectroscopy of bright and dark excitons in isolated semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes. Trends in Nanotechnology International Conference, Sep 2015, Toulouse, France. 〈hal-01203376〉

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