Solar twins and siblings in spectroscopic archives

D. Mahdi 1 C. Soubiran 1 S. Blanco-Cuaresma 1 N.A. Walton 2 F. Figueras 3 L. Balaguer-Núñez
1 M2A 2015
LAB - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux [Pessac]
3 BIOVERT - BIOVERT
IRCELYON - Institut de recherches sur la catalyse et l'environnement de Lyon
Abstract : Solar twins are stars that replicate the solar astrophysical properties. They represent natural candidates for harboring planetary systems similar to ours. Solar siblings are stars which were born in the same cluster than the Sun. They may differ from the Sun by their mass and radius, but they have the same age, the same chemical composition, and similar spatial velocities. Solar twins and siblings may have formed in the same conditions as the Sun, and thus they may give some clues on where and how the Sun formed in our Galaxy. In this study, we search the closest solar twins among thousands of solar type stars observed at high spectral resolution over the full optical range. The spectra are directly compared to solar ones observed by reflection on asteroids or the Moon with the same instrument. This purely differential method, based on the reduced χ2, is independant of any model. We applied it to a selection of ˜17700 spectra of ˜3500 different stars from the ELODIE archive. The star HD 146233 (18 Sco) keeps its status of the closest solar twin. The second closest star is the known solar twin HD 138573. Some other stars among the top twenty best stars have never been studied before, like HD 168009, HD 056124, and HD 029150. Atmospheric parameters of the top twenty solar twins were determined with the iSpec code. Their effective temperatures and gravities are found to be within 100 K and 0.1 dex from those of the Sun, respectively. We find the metallicity of the twins to be higher by 0.05 dex on average than that of the Sun. We derived the chemical abundances for the 200 closest solar twins in a line by line differential basis relative to the Sun. The absorption lines used in this study come from a rigorous analysis of 670 lines measured in our 14 solar spectra. We find several stars with all abundances within 0.01 dex from those of the Sun. Several of them fall on the Yonsei-Yale theoritical isochrone of solar age and metallicity. Thus they could have been formed in the same cluster as the Sun.
Type de document :
Communication dans un congrès
EAS Publications Series - Vol. 67-68 (2014) - Barcelona, Spain, December 1–5, 2014 N.A. Walton, F. Figueras, L. Balaguer-Núñez and C. Soubiran (Eds.) - ISBN: 978-2-7598-1826-6 - p. 383 - Published online: 17 July 2015 - DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/eas/1567078, Dec 2014, Barcelona, Spain. EAS Publications Series, Volume 67-68, 2014, pp.383-383, 67-68, pp.383-383, 2014, 〈10.1051/eas/1567078〉
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01198917
Contributeur : Marie-Paule Pomies <>
Soumis le : lundi 14 septembre 2015 - 15:49:52
Dernière modification le : vendredi 4 décembre 2015 - 11:35:15

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D. Mahdi, C. Soubiran, S. Blanco-Cuaresma, N.A. Walton, F. Figueras, et al.. Solar twins and siblings in spectroscopic archives. EAS Publications Series - Vol. 67-68 (2014) - Barcelona, Spain, December 1–5, 2014 N.A. Walton, F. Figueras, L. Balaguer-Núñez and C. Soubiran (Eds.) - ISBN: 978-2-7598-1826-6 - p. 383 - Published online: 17 July 2015 - DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/eas/1567078, Dec 2014, Barcelona, Spain. EAS Publications Series, Volume 67-68, 2014, pp.383-383, 67-68, pp.383-383, 2014, 〈10.1051/eas/1567078〉. 〈hal-01198917〉

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