Filaments in the Lupus molecular clouds

Abstract : We have studied the filaments extracted from the column density maps of the nearby Lupus 1, 3, and 4 molecular clouds, derived from photometric maps observed with the Herschel satellite. Filaments in the Lupus clouds have quite low column densities, with a median value of ˜1.5 × 1021 cm-2 and most have masses per unit length lower than the maximum critical value for radial gravitational collapse. Indeed, no evidence of filament contraction has been seen in the gas kinematics. We find that some filaments, that on average are thermally subcritical, contain dense cores that may eventually form stars. This is an indication that in the low column density regime, the critical condition for the formation of stars may be reached only locally and this condition is not a global property of the filament. Finally, in Lupus we find multiple observational evidences of the key role that the magnetic field plays in forming filaments, and determining their confinement and dynamical evolution.
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Article dans une revue
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2015, 453 (2), pp.2036-2049. <10.1093/mnras/stv1750>
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01197451
Contributeur : Marie-Paule Pomies <>
Soumis le : vendredi 11 septembre 2015 - 16:44:46
Dernière modification le : samedi 18 février 2017 - 01:19:21

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M. Benedettini, E. Schisano, S. Pezzuto, D. Elia, P. André, et al.. Filaments in the Lupus molecular clouds. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2015, 453 (2), pp.2036-2049. <10.1093/mnras/stv1750>. <hal-01197451>

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