An inverse model to estimate ammonia emissions from fields

Abstract : This paper presents and evaluates an inverse model for estimating ammonia emission from agricultural land. The method is based on an analytical model derived from the advection-diffusion equation, assuming power law profiles for wind speed and diffusivity. A three-dimensional model and a two-dimensional model are evaluated. The hypotheses of flux-driven or concentration-driven emissions are also tested. The model is evaluated against three datasets covering a range of ammonia fluxes, field geometry/size and measurement techniques. The sensitivity and the uncertainty of the method is also evaluated with a MonteCarlo approach, as well as based on existing datasets. Finally, the capability of the method to work with time-integrated concentrations (e.g. using diffusive concentration samplers) is also evaluated. The inverse model gives estimations of the ammonia emissions within a few per cent of the measurements. Moreover, the method is mainly sensitive to the concentration, the friction velocity and the thermal stratification of the atmosphere. The two-dimensional approaches give similar results to the three-dimensional one, provided the field is large enough. The concentration-driven hypothesis is similar to the flux-driven hypothesis for a fetch greater than approximately 20 m. The results are discussed in comparison with the previous approaches: the Theoretical Profile Shape (TPS or Zinst approach) and the backward Lagrangian Stochastic model (BLS).
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 2, 2015 - 8:19:58 PM
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Benjamin Loubet, Sophie Genermont, R. Ferrara, Carole Bedos, Celine Decuq, et al.. An inverse model to estimate ammonia emissions from fields. European Journal of Soil Science, Wiley, 2010, 61 (5), pp.793-805. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-2389.2010.01268.x⟩. ⟨hal-01192231⟩

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