La "ville durable" précipitée dans le monde arabe : essai d’analyse généalogique et critique

Abstract : Linked to a progressive institutionalization of sustainable urban development (SUD), urban policies have changed in the Arab world and action plans begin to be implemented since the years 90-2000. This new trend can be interpreted in an ambivalent and contradictory way. On the one hand, the dissemination of SUD embedded in innovative activities (renewable energy programs, eco-neighborhoods projects, new laws etc.) serve the preservation of the urban order ruled by authoritarian powers. On the other hand, a real change of urban action is initiated and carried by a variety of actors inside the « system » (state agencies, ministries) or from outside (consulting firms, associations, NGOs), although we emphasize in the paper limits in the current situation: fragmentation of initiatives, rare responses that would reflect an "indigenization" of SUD thus different from the recipes of the global North (use of eco-technologies, eco-neighborhoods etc.), and yet limited impact of the first projects to the extent that very few are yet built in 2012.
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Pierre-Arnaud Barthel, Valérie Clerc, Pascale Philifert. La "ville durable" précipitée dans le monde arabe : essai d’analyse généalogique et critique. Environnement Urbain / Urban Environment, Institut national de la recherche scientifique - Réseau Villes Régions Monde, 2013, Ville arabes, villes durables ? Enjeux, circulations et mise à l'épreuve de nouvelles politiques urbaines / Arab Cities, Sustainable Cities? Challenges, movements and testing of new urban policies south of the Mediterranean, 7, pp.16-30. ⟨https://eue.erudit.org⟩. ⟨hal-01187664⟩

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