Evaluation of Titanium Dioxide as a Binding Phase for the Passive Sampling of Glyphosate and Aminomethyl Phosphonic Acid in an Aquatic Environment

Abstract : Glyphosate is the most widely used herbicide on a world scale for the last 40 years, for both urban and agricultural use. Here we describe the first passive sampling method for estimating, the concentration of glyphosate and AMPA (aminomethyl phosphonic acid, one of its Major degradation products) in surface water. The sampling method is based on a newly developed configuration of the diffusive gradient in thin-film (DGT). technique, which includes a TiO2 binding phase, already in use for a wide range of anions. Glyphosate and AMPA were retained well on a TiO2 binding phase, and elution in a 1 mL of 1 M NaOH led to recoveries greater than 65%. We found no influence of pH or flow velocity on the diffusion coefficients through 0.8 min polyacrylamide gel, although they did increase with temperature. TiO2 binding gels were able to accumulate up to 1167 ng of P for both glyphosate and AMPA, and linear accumulation was expected over several weeks, depending on environmental conditions. DGT sampling rates were close to 10 mL day(-1) in ultrapure water, while they were less than 1 mL day(-1) in the presence of naturally occurring ions (e.g., copper, iron, calcium, magnesium). These last results highlighted (i) the ability of DGT to measure only the freely dissolved fraction of glyphosate and AMPA in water and (ii) the needs to determine which fraction (total, particulate, dissolved, freely dissolved) is indeed bioactive.
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Analytical Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2015, 87 (12), pp.6004-6009. 〈10.1021/acs.analchem.5b00194〉
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Contributeur : Agnès Bussy <>
Soumis le : mardi 25 août 2015 - 17:01:43
Dernière modification le : jeudi 8 février 2018 - 11:10:32

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Vincent Fauvelle, Tran-Thi Nhu-Trang, Thibaut Feret, Karine Madarassou, Jérôme Randon, et al.. Evaluation of Titanium Dioxide as a Binding Phase for the Passive Sampling of Glyphosate and Aminomethyl Phosphonic Acid in an Aquatic Environment. Analytical Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2015, 87 (12), pp.6004-6009. 〈10.1021/acs.analchem.5b00194〉. 〈hal-01186957〉

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