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Hypothalamic astroglial connexins are required for brain glucose secretion sensing-induced insulin secretion

Abstract : Hypothalamic glucose detection participates in maintaining glycemic balance, food intake, and thermogenesis. Although hypothalamic neurons are the executive cells involved in these responses, there is increasing evidence that astrocytes participate in glucose sensing (GS); however, it is unknown whether astroglial networking is required for glucose sensitivity. Astroglial connexins 30 and 43 (Cx30 and Cx43) form hexameric channels, which are apposed in gap junctions, allowing for the intercellular transfer of small molecules such as glucose throughout the astroglial networks. Here, we hypothesized that hypothalamic glucose sensitivity requires these connexins. First, we showed that both Cxs are enriched in the rat hypothalamus, with highly concentrated Cx43 expression around blood vessels of the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH). Both fasting and high glycemic levels rapidly altered the protein levels of MBH astroglial connexins, suggesting cross talk within the MBH between glycemic status and the connexins' ability to dispatch glucose. Finally, the inhibition of MBH Cx43 (by transient RNA interference) attenuated hypothalamic glucose sensitivity in rats, which was demonstrated by a pronounced decreased insulin secretion in response to a brain glucose challenge. These results illustrate that astroglial connexins contribute to hypothalamic GS.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01185034
Contributor : Archive Ouverte Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 18, 2015 - 8:12:19 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 3, 2021 - 4:00:04 PM

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Camille Allard, Lionel Carneiro, Sylvie Grall, Brandon Cline, Xavier Fioramonti, et al.. Hypothalamic astroglial connexins are required for brain glucose secretion sensing-induced insulin secretion. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, Nature Publishing Group, 2014, 34 (2), pp.339 - 346. ⟨10.1038/jcbfm.2013.206⟩. ⟨hal-01185034⟩

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