# Fonctions complètement multiplicatives de somme nulle

Abstract : Completely multiplicative functions whose sum is zero ($CMO$). The paper deals with $CMO$, meaning completely multiplicative ($CM$) functions $f$ such that $f(1)=1$ and $\sum\limits_1^\infty f(n)=0$. $CM$ means $f(ab)=f(a)f(b)$ for all $(a,b)\in \N^{*2}$, therefore $f$ is well defined by the $f(p)$, $p$ prime. Assuming that $f$ is $CM$, give conditions on the $f(p)$, either necessary or sufficient, both is possible, for $f$ being $CMO$ : that is the general purpose of the authors. The $CMO$ character of $f$ is invariant under slight modifications of the sequence $(f(p))$ (theorem~3). The same idea applies also in a more general context (theorem~4). After general statements of that sort, including examples of $CMO$ (theorem~5), the paper is devoted to small'' functions, that is, functions of the form $\frac{f(n)}{n}$, where the $f(n)$ are bounded. Here is a typical result : if $|f(p)|\le 1$ and $Re\, f(p)\le0$ for all $p$, a necessary and sufficient condition for $\big(\frac{f(n)}{n}\big)$ to be $CMO$ is $\sum \, Re\, f(p)/p=-\infty$ (theorem~8). Another necessary and sufficient condition is given under the assumption that $|1+f(p)|\le 1$ and $f(2)\not=-2$ (theorem~7). A third result gives only a sufficient condition (theorem~9). The three results apply to the particular case $f(p)=-1$, the historical example of Euler. Theorems 7 and 8 need auxiliary results, coming either from the existing literature (Hal\'asz, Montgomery--Vaughan), or from improved versions of classical results (Ingham, Ska\l ba) about $f(n)$ under assumptions on the $f*1(n)$, * denoting the multiplicative convolution (theorems~10~and~11).
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01177065
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 16, 2015 - 3:17:21 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, March 28, 2020 - 2:22:44 AM
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• HAL Id : hal-01177065, version 1
• ARXIV : 1507.04858

### Citation

Jean-Pierre Kahane, Eric Saias. Fonctions complètement multiplicatives de somme nulle. 2015. ⟨hal-01177065⟩

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