Changes in crop cultivation during the last five centuries before the Roman conquest: Archaeobotanical investigation in the Clermont-Ferrand basin, Massif Central, France

Abstract : For several decades, a growing number of protohistoric sites in Auvergne (Massif Central, France) - mostly excavated through preventive archaeology - have been subject to the collection of archaeobotanical analysis. This study presents the archaeobotanical results from ten La Tène sites dating from the last five centuries before the Roman conquest. In addition to providing an inventory of taxa, this paper concerns crops and crop cultivation methods. These results are interpreted in a wider context, dealing with crop husbandry, arable farming, storage and consumption practices. The sites are located in the Limagne plain within a fifty kilometre radius around the city of Clermont-Ferrand. A total of 23,579 carpological remains were identified from 163 sediment samples totalizing a volume of 1096 liters. Comparable to other sites in Gaul, the spectrum of cereals and pulses is restricted. Spelt (Triticum spelta), einkorn (Triticum monococcum) and foxtail millet (Setaria italica) are disappearing or become rare. A better control of agricultural techniques and increased yields are supposed during the ca. five centuries of the La Tène period. Mixed cultivation is hereby replaced by the sowing of monocrops. At the beginning of this period, farming systems are dominated by a polyculture of cereals and pulses. They become more specialized during the last two centuries before the Roman conquest; diversity of cereals and pulses is decreased.
Document type :
Journal articles
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01170958
Contributor : Manon Cabanis <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 2, 2015 - 3:35:45 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 20, 2019 - 1:58:31 AM

Identifiers

Citation

Manon Cabanis, Yann Deberge, Laurent Bouby, Marià Hajnalovà, Philippe Marinval, et al.. Changes in crop cultivation during the last five centuries before the Roman conquest: Archaeobotanical investigation in the Clermont-Ferrand basin, Massif Central, France. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, Springer, 2015, in press. ⟨10.1007/s12520-015-0260-5⟩. ⟨hal-01170958⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

465