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Investigating Catalase Activity Through Hydrogen Peroxide Decomposition by Bacteria Biofilms in Real Time Using Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy

Abstract : Catalase activity through hydrogen peroxide decomposition in a 1 mM bulk solution above Vibrio fischeri (gamma-Protebacteria-Vibrionaceae) bacterial biofilms of either symbiotic or free-living strains was studied in real time by scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). The catalase activity, in units of micromoles hydrogen peroxide decomposed per minute over a period of 348 s, was found to vary with incubation time of each biofilm in correlation with the corresponding growth curve of bacteria in liquid culture. Average catalase activity for the same incubation times ranging from 1 to 12 h was found to be 0.28 +/- 0.07 mu mol H2O2/min for the symbiotic biofilms and 0.31 +/- 0.07 mu mol H2O2/min for the free-living biofilms, suggesting similar catalase activity. Calculations based on Comsol Multiphysics simulations in fitting experimental biofilm data indicated that approximately (3 +/- 1) x 10(6) molecules of hydrogen peroxide were decomposed by a single bacterium per second, signifying the presence of a highly active catalase. A 2-fold enhancement in catalase activity was found for both free-living and symbiotic biofilms in response to external hydrogen peroxide concentrations as low as 1 nM in the growth media, implying a similar mechanism in responding to oxidative stress.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01156579
Contributor : Serge Palacin <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 27, 2015 - 3:52:43 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 10, 2020 - 6:13:58 PM

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Erwin Abucayon, Neng Ke, Renaud Cornut, Anthony Patelunas, Douglas Miller, et al.. Investigating Catalase Activity Through Hydrogen Peroxide Decomposition by Bacteria Biofilms in Real Time Using Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. Analytical Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2014, 86 (1), pp.498-505. ⟨10.1021/ac402475m⟩. ⟨hal-01156579⟩

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