Hydrological impact of forest fires and climate change in a Mediterranean basin

Abstract : Forest fire can modify and accelerate the hydrological response of Mediter-ranean basins submitted to intense rainfall: during the years following a fire, the effects on the hydrological response may be similar to those produced by the growth of impervious areas. Moreover, climate change and global warming in Mediterranean areas can imply consequences on both flash flood and fire hazards, by amplifying these phenomena. Based on historical events and post-fire experience, a methodology to interpret the impacts of forest fire in terms of rainfall-runoff model parameters has been proposed. It allows to estimate the consequences of forest fire at the watershed scale depending on the considered burned area. In a second stage, the combined effect of forest fire and climate change has been analysed to map the future risk of forest fire and their consequence on flood occurrence. This study has been conducted on the Llobregat river basin (Spain), a catchment of approximately 5,000 km 2 frequently affected by flash floods and forest fires. The results show that forest fire can modify the hydrological response at the watershed scale when the burned area is significant. Moreover, it has been shown that climate change may increase the occurrence of both hazards, and hence, more frequent severe flash floods may appear.
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Pierre Antoine Versini, M. Velasco, A. Cabello, D. Sempere-Torres. Hydrological impact of forest fires and climate change in a Mediterranean basin. Natural Hazards, Springer Verlag, 2013, 66 (2), pp.609-628. 〈10.1007/s11069-012-0503-z〉. 〈hal-01151829〉

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