Kallymenia crouaniorum (Kallymeniaceae, Rhodophyta), a new red algal species from the Laminaria hyperborea understorey community

Abstract : In this paper we describe Kallymenia crouaniorum Vergés & Le Gall, sp. nov. (Kallymeniaceae), a new marine red alga from the north-eastern Atlantic Ocean. rbcL and LSU sequences of this species, previously misidentified in the field as Kallymenia reniformis, diverged from those of other Kallymenia species by at least 7.5% and 5.2%, respectively. Kallymenia crouaniorum also has a set of distinctive vegetative and reproductive characteristics, including a deeply lacerate frond, a short stipe, dentate margins, large cortical cells up to 110 μm in diameter, highly refractive stellate medullary cells with arms up to 1000 μm in length, and a monocarpogonial branch system. Molecular phylogenies inferred from rbcL and LSU data indicated, albeit with weak support, that this new species is a sister taxon of a lineage encompassing the generitype K. reniformis, as well as most species of Kallymenia included in the phylogenetic analysis. The main morphological characters that delineate monocarpogonial Kallymenia species are presented. Moreover, after reviewing the literature and several herbarium specimens, we found in the Weber-van Bosse Herbarium a specimen collected at Roscoff in August 1894 with the anatomical characters of the species described here, confirming that this newly described species has in fact been overlooked and is not a recent introduction.
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European Journal of Phycology, Taylor & Francis, 2014, 49 (4), pp.493-507. 〈10.1080/09670262.2014.971348〉
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Soumis le : jeudi 2 avril 2015 - 16:38:09
Dernière modification le : mercredi 12 décembre 2018 - 01:24:25

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Marine Robuchon, Line Le Gall, Delphine Gey, Myriam Valero, Alba Vergés. Kallymenia crouaniorum (Kallymeniaceae, Rhodophyta), a new red algal species from the Laminaria hyperborea understorey community. European Journal of Phycology, Taylor & Francis, 2014, 49 (4), pp.493-507. 〈10.1080/09670262.2014.971348〉. 〈hal-01138789〉

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