Examining the bank of microscopic stages in kelps using culturing and barcoding

Abstract : This paper describes a method to study the diversity of young kelp sporophytes that are recruited from the bank of microscopic stages. Small samples of rocky substratum (0.5 cm2) were collected from the low intertidal zone, which was dominated by the kelp Laminaria digitata. Samples were cultivated in the laboratory under conditions permitting gametogenesis. Sporophyte recruits in the cultures were isolated and identified at the species level using the barcoding mitochondrial marker rpl31–rns. Sixty per cent of the collected samples had at least one to a maximum of 30 kelp recruits, belonging to five different species (L. digitata, L. hyperborea, L. ochroleuca, Saccharina latissima and Sacchorhiza polyschides). As the examination of freshly collected rocky samples under a stereo microscope did not reveal any kelp sporophytes, the recruitment in these samples after culture probably occurred from the bank of microscopic forms present on the substratum. Despite the dominance of L. digitata in the field, the young sporophytes obtained after culturing were mainly S. polyschides. This study illustrates the suitability of culturing in combination with molecular identification of young sporophytes to address several key aspects of kelp ecology related to the existence of a bank of microscopic stages in the field.
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European Journal of Phycology, Taylor & Francis, 2014, 49 (1), pp.128-133. 〈10.1080/09670262.2014.892635〉
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01138781
Contributeur : Barbara Raffenne <>
Soumis le : jeudi 2 avril 2015 - 16:17:46
Dernière modification le : jeudi 13 décembre 2018 - 01:33:45

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Marine Robuchon, Lucia Couceiro, Akira F Peters, Christophe Destombe, Myriam Valero. Examining the bank of microscopic stages in kelps using culturing and barcoding. European Journal of Phycology, Taylor & Francis, 2014, 49 (1), pp.128-133. 〈10.1080/09670262.2014.892635〉. 〈hal-01138781〉

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