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Detection of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli var. fuscans on Phaseolus vulgaris (bean)

Abstract :

This method is derived from the validation studies carried out by ISTA in 2003, in collaboration
with the International Seed Health Initiative for Vegetables (ISHI-Veg) (Sheppard and
Remeeus, 2005). For routine testing of bean seed a combination of two complementary
semi-selective media, MT and XCP1, is recommended with a pathogenicity test to confirm
suspect isolates. In 2010 in the USA and France conflicting data were obtained with the new ISTA method.
Research in France (GEVES and INRA) and in the Netherlands (Naktuinbouw) showed
that some isolates that were responsible for positive results were causing symptoms in the
pathogenicity assay but were not identified as Xap based on molecular methods (genetic
bacterial fingerprinting in the Netherlands and pathogen specific PCR’s in France). Therefore
it was concluded that the pathogenicity assay used in the ISTA method, a crucial step
in the Xap test, is not reliable enough.
A new pathogenicity assay was developed at INRA to allow a reliable characterization
of the aggressiveness of X. axonopodis pv. phaseoli wild type strains and mutants
(Darsonval et al., 2009). A comparison study of the new pathogenicity test and primers
specific for X. axonopodis pv. phaseoli fuscans and non fuscans isolates (Audy et al.,1994;
Boureau et al., 2012) was carried out as a collaboration between ISTA, ANSES, INRA and
ISHI-Veg. This study showed that the new pathogenicity test and Audy et al, (1994) primers
were good confirmation tools and that Diaggene (Boureau et al., 2012) primers gave good
results but their use did not improve sensitivity of the method.

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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 24, 2015 - 2:15:23 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 6, 2020 - 3:39:55 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-01134886, version 1
  • OKINA : ua7946
  • PRODINRA : 312933

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Valérie Grimault, Valérie Olivier, M. Rolland, Armelle Darrasse, Marie-Agnès Jacques. Detection of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli var. fuscans on Phaseolus vulgaris (bean). International Rules for Seed Testing Annexe to Chapter 7: Seed Health Testing Methods, 2014, International Rules for Seed Testing, pp.7-021-1-20. ⟨hal-01134886⟩

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