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A physically-based model for global collision avoidance in 5-axis point milling

Abstract : Although 5-axis free form surface machining is commonly proposed in CAD/CAM software, several issues still need to be addressed and especially collision avoidance between the tool and the part. Indeed, advanced user skills are often required to define smooth tool axis orientations along the tool path in high speed machining. In the literature, the problem of collision avoidance is mainly treated as an iterative process based on local and global collision tests with a geometrical method. In this paper, an innovative method based on physical modeling is used to generate 5-axis collision-free smooth tool paths. In the proposed approach, the ball-end tool is considered as a rigid body moving in the 3D space on which repulsive forces, deriving from a scalar potential field attached to the check surfaces, and attractive forces are acting. A study of the check surface tessellation is carried out to ensure smooth variations of the tool axis orientation. The proposed algorithm is applied to open pocket parts such as an impeller to emphasize the effectiveness of this method to avoid collision.
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Contributor : Christophe Tournier Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, March 2, 2015 - 1:56:56 PM
Last modification on : Monday, January 17, 2022 - 6:46:01 PM
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Virgile Lacharnay, Sylvain Lavernhe, Christophe Tournier, Claire Lartigue. A physically-based model for global collision avoidance in 5-axis point milling. Computer-Aided Design, Elsevier, 2015, 64, pp.1-8. ⟨10.1016/j.cad.2015.02.003⟩. ⟨hal-01121686⟩



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