A sport officials’ citation network analysis: Examining the most cited articles

Abstract : Empirical investigations into sport officials began in the 1970s, and have increased in frequency since then. Despite this influx of research, few reviews of the literature exist, which inhibits the creation of cogent theories in the domain. To address this, we conducted a citation analysis, which allows for a descriptive examination of the articles, or groups of articles, that are most influential in a given domain. Our particular focus was that of “sport interactors” – those officials who interact with athletes during competition (MacMahon & Plessner, 2008). We searched three databases for articles that met the following criteria: 1) peer-reviewed, 2) English-language 3) published before 2012, 4) and centered on psycho-social or perceptual-cognitive aspects of officiating. The search generated 115 articles for analysis. For this paper, we focused on the descriptive results of the citation analysis. Initially, we noted very little connectivity within the network, as the average number of citations per article was 4.25 (median = 2.0). We then focused on the top-12 most cited articles in the network, with several findings. First, the most cited articles were published between 1990 and 2004, though half were published after 1998. Next, the publication venue was diverse, with a total of nine different journals represented in the top-12 articles. Third, the participants used in these studies varied from intramural officials, to professional and international officials. Fourth, there was considerable homogeneity in the sex of the participants, as no studies reported using only female participants. Finally, there was congruence in the article type, as 11 of the 12 articles were original articles, while only one article was a review article. Herein we expand on how these findings and describe their importance affect to sport officials and researchers the knowledge structure and theory development of sport officiating research and offer directions for future research.
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Conference papers
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Contributor : Géraldine Rix-Lièvre <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 26, 2015 - 3:33:11 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-01120789, version 1



David Hancock, Géraldine Rix-Lièvre, Jean Coté. A sport officials’ citation network analysis: Examining the most cited articles. NASPSPA, Jun 2014, Minneapolis, United States. ⟨hal-01120789⟩



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